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Home > Types of Gardening > Rose Gardening > Planting of Roses
Planting of Roses
The best time to plant is in October. This will allow the roots to obtain a good start and the plants will bloom sooner the following year. No hesitation, however, should be felt in planting in the spring, but do it as early as you are able to dig in the ground.

Planting of RosesTake the tree from the package upon receipt from the grower. If it is in leaf, free it from all buds and most of the foliage. Shorten the long shoots that offer resistance to the wind so it will not sway and disturb the roots while they are getting established. Cut off damaged or broken roots and cut the thick ones back six inches from their starting point. Preserve as much as possible the tiny fibrous roots, as these are the ones which feed the plant. Heavy roots may take up a little water, but the fibrous roots are the important ones. If a root has a crack in it, cut it off clean as it will breed disease. If the bark is shriveled when the plants are received, bury them under six inches of moist soil for a few days. If there are signs of mildew, dip in a solution of one ounce of Liver of Sulphur (potassium sulphide) in one gallon of soft water. Spread the roots to the fullest extent laterally in an amply large hole, and do not plant too deeply. Combine your headwork with footwork. Make the soil firm as the hole is filled. Use your hands and doubled fists. As soon as there is sufficient earth around the roots to prevent damage, step on it and rock backward and forward to make the soil very firm.

Once you have picked out your roses, it is time to prepare the soil to plant. Begin by digging a hole one and one half as deep and wide as the roots on the rose. Mix some compost or organic matter into the hole, and heap a pile of dirt into a cone shape in the bottom of the hole. Carefully spread the roots over the cone of soil and then fill the rest of the hole with soil, tamping down lightly. Be sure that the rose is planted at the same depth as it was in the nursery, and then water thoroughly. Mulch the area around the roses with shredded bark or compost to retain moisture and discourage the growth of weeds. To maintain your roses you should trim off spent blossoms and prune any stems that look black or weak. At the first sign of insect or disease, spray the plant with a fruit and tree spray, available from your local garden center. If any leaves shrivel, get black spots or turn yellow, pick them off gently and burn them or throw them in the trash (do not add them to your compost). Fertilize your roses in the spring and late summer, and, if you live in a cooler climate, cut them back and mulch over them in the late fall, and you will have gorgeous roses for many years to come.

One of the most important steps in the summer care of roses is disease protection and prevention. A home-made dust can be made of nine parts of dusting sulphur by bulk mixed with one part of Arsenate of lead, to which tobacco dust may be added for aphis. This formula, called Massey Dust, can be bought under trade names either plain or colored green to make it less noticeable on foliage. An all-purpose spray is also available and highly recommended by rose growers. It is both a fungicide and an insecticide effective against chewing and sucking insects, The dust should be applied not only to the top of the leaves but to the underside as well. A thorough dusting requires the use of a dust gun but the cost of this article soon pays for itself, Dusting should be done once a week, as should cultivation.
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