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Home > Types of Gardening > Ornamental Gardening > Planting and Maintenance
Planting and Maintenance of Ornamental Gardening
Planting and Maintenance of Ornamental GardeningAnnual plants need to be replanted every year, with spring-flowering annuals being planted out in autumn (mid March-early April) and summer-flowering annuals being planted out in spring (late October-early November). Once they have finished flowering, the plants should be pulled out and placed in the compost. Some people may save seeds to grow the following year, and particularly in cottage-style gardens, seeds like cornflower and forget-me-not may be scattered throughout the garden to germinate and grow where they land. It is important to remember that for many plants, the seed collected may not produce flowers that are the same colour as the parent they were collected from. If colour is an important factor in the garden design then it is best to purchase seed or plants from a reputable garden centre or grower.

Most perennials should be planted in autumn or spring. When planting new perennial plants, take the opportunity to dig the area deeply to allow good root penetration and aeration and incorporate compost or specialist fertiliser, such as lime. Water the plant thoroughly and make sure it is firmly pressed into the soil. Large plants may require stakes or supports. Although perennial plants do not need to be replanted every year, they still require regular maintenance. Removing dead flowerheads from some perennials may encourage new flowers to form and prolong the flowering period. The underground tissues from which the new shoots of herbaceous perennials grow can get bigger and bigger every year. To prevent the plant overcrowding itself, it is a good idea to dig up, split and replant perennials every 3-5 years.

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