Planning of a Garden   Gardening    History    Essentials of Gardening    Types of Gardening    Bonsai    Kids Gardening    Types of Plants    Herb Gardening    Hydroponics Gardening    Worldwide Gardening    Articles    Plant Diseases    Glossory
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to our Free E-Magazine on Gardening.
Learn More : India Business to Business Directory
Business Directory of Indian Suppliers Manufacturers and Products from India.
India`s leading Yellow pages directory.
India`s leading Yellow pages directory.
Home > Essentials of Gardening > Gardening Basics > Planning
Planning of a Garden
Planning of a GardenPlanning your own garden is akin to planning your own party at home for a big do. The difference is that while you have nothing left over from a dinner party but dirty dishes, planning and cultivating a garden will give you and your onlooker the pleasure of a lifetime.

Planning is a crucial part of your garden because although your plants will grow even without planning and perhaps be healthy too, you will not be able to create any special effect. It, therefore, follows that you must be very clear in your own mind what and how you want your garden to look like before you venture out with your shovel and hoe.

The merits of a formal and informal garden are purely a personal preference and we will not go into that here. The chief features of a garden are its naturalness and beauty and it should satisfy this criteria whether it is a formal or informal garden that you plan. For this a garden must cleverly coordinate color, harmony and balance. The aim of planning your garden is that it should look pleasing and relaxing with healthy flowers and a personality of its own.

A lawn is like a canvas for your painting and whether it is a formal or informal garden, growing or maintaining a lawn is an important aspect of your garden. Hedges also suitable enrich and provide an attractive framework. They can also serve to break the monotony and lend your garden a personal touch.

Your originality in planning will show itself in your garden. A graceful bend somewhere dotted with a lovely flowering shrub, a green sloping corner for ferns, a rock garden in a corner, and unusual arrangement for hanging orchids would add to the charm of a garden.

Planning of a GardenTrees have a unique way of adding life to your garden and these too must be chosen with much care. You need to plan carefully what kind of trees you would like and where they should be planted since these will take years to grow to give your garden that effect. Their distance from the house, their purpose as a flower or fruit giver or a shady place to relax or simply as an aesthetic addition to your garden must be ascertained beforehand.

The view from the house is an important consideration and therefore the garden should be planned in such a manner that the house merges with the garden and also commands a beautiful view from your front porch or living room. A focal point with a merging foreground makes a garden attractive.

Variety and surprise is easier to introduce in your garden than you think. You should make use of natural slopes, water courses or boulders and full grown trees for this purpose. Take advantage of contours and these existing trees as far as possible.

An important maxim when you are planning your garden is " do not overcrowd". When the choice is whether to plant or not to plant, it is better to think twice about it and maybe replace the plant or not plant at all. Overcrowding can ruin your garden as nothing else can. A garden overcrowded with a number of trees and shrubs is more like a botanical garden which looks overcrowded at night and does not look much better in daylight. Remember also that dark colours look more crowded when you are planting your seeds and saplings.

If you have a big compound, trees can be used as a backdrop to the house or like a frame to a picture. Trees like magnolia grandiflora, if planted should be well away from the house as a focal point in the lawn or towards the compound wall. The trees can also be used as effective wind barriers.
Colour Scheme -Colour Scheme
In the colour wheel, there are three primary colours: red, blue and yellow. In between are the secondary colours violet, green and orange arranged in the order in which they appear in a rainbow -VIBGYOR. (Note I for Indigo is not present in the colour wheel though). Red, yellow and orange are warm colours while violet, blue and green are cool colours. Black and white and various combinations in between are neutral shades. There are several shades in between too - like blue green and orange-red. A harmonious effect can be produced by using shades of two adjoining colours. Neutral colours can be successfully inserted between any adjoining or contrasting colours.

Fragrance : Fragrance is as important as colour in a garden. In selecting shrubs, flowers and climbers, preference maybe given to growing for scent like Acacia alata, Cassia artemisioides, champak, Francisea latifolia, Gardenia, Henna, jasmine, lavender, magnolia, night queen etc. A kewda shrub can be added for fragrance as well as beauty of its flowers and fruits.

Spacing : A gardener too often overlooks the size the plant will attain on maturity. It`s slender form when young maybe misleading. The distance between the plants should be such that the leaves and branches of one do not shade those of the others on maturity.

kitchen gardenSpace for vegetables and fruits: If you are planning a kitchen garden, the vegetables would need 2-3 crops to be raised on a plot. A kitchen garden, thus needs much labour. Fruits on the other hand once planted carefully may need less area but they would block your patch of land for a longer time. A balance between the kitchen and fruit garden is ideal.

Water supply and Garden accessories : It is important to be sure about the source of your water supply. The availability of help, cost of making and maintaining it will also determine the garden plan. Garden accessories such as compost pit, and a garden storehouse for storing seeds, bulbs and implements is an item which deserves the highest priority in planning , but most often gets neglected. This is also the time to think about a water pump or well or any other source of water supply.

Planning Choice of Plants Soil Preparation
Testing and Tilling .. Soil Amendments Procurement of Plant..
Planting Techniques Planting Techniques .. Types of Soil
Digging | Home | Sitemap | Contact Us