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Essentials of Gardening
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Essentials of GardeningYou have a dream house with a wonderful front patch and a small backyard. You would like to create your own little garden here and grow some vegetables and fruits in your back yard. The little patch of green in front of your house would look pretty with a neat hedge and some flowers in neat beds, right?

Before you can take up that shovel and draw on your gardening gloves you will need to know a few essentials of gardening. You have to choose plants that are suitable to the kind of environment and climate conditions that you have. It would be useless and expensive to waste money on plants that will hate your environment. You will need to know what sort of soil you have, how much light there is and the prevailing weather conditions.

You must have some forehand knowledge, about which plants need shade, which are hardy plants, which are for hedging. There are plants suited for dry gardens, clay soils and acid soils. Thus assessing your plot and analyzing your soil is the most important beginning before you attempt to start a thriving graden.

One way is to think of your garden as a theatrical production. You are aiming for a variety show that is going to last for a long time, offers year around interest and alleviates boredom.

The way to achieve this is to use a wide range of plants - from trees to shrubs, to climbing plants, flowering ones and ferns, annuals and perennials.

There are several planting styles - from cottage gardens to prairie gardens, from gardens for commercial purposes to those strictly for personal use. Once you have understood the different types of plants and what they do, you can tackle the job of planting them all together in a garden, working out which ones will look best where and how they will compliment each other.

Once you have all of the above in order, its tempting to rush off and start digging with the shovel. But have you stopped to make sure that your soil is well cultivated and enriched with the required nutrients before you begin planting. If you`ve done it before you know, you`ll know that half of your plants will have died after sprouting or will not have taken seed at all.

Once you are ready with your garden plot, the soil is enriched and waiting to receive the seeds, and you are bursting with knowledge about all kinds of flora. You are ready to plant those kernels. The first sight of a sapling peeping through the crumbling soil is a delightful feeling and you cannot wait to see the plants swaying in the breeze. But once your plants are growing and healthy you also need to know how to keep them happy. For this you will need tools, water, food and know-how to keep your plants in fine fettle. You will need to know when its time to add the compost and when to prune. You will have to care and nurture your garden as a mother does her infant.

Something every gardener must be prepared for are outside agencies which will do their best to ruin your efforts no matter how good a gardener you are. Weeds will invariably invade your beds and borders, pets will nibble the leaves and suck the sap, diseases will spread death and destruction in their wake. You must know how to stay one satep ahead. You must have some knowledge how to handle the fungus and know which plants are more susceptible to snails and slugs. You must know both organic and chemical gardening making sure that you are using the right product.

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